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المعالجة البيولوجية لمياه الصرف الصحي: المبادئ وأعمال النمذجة والتصميم

Author: Henze, Mogens, van Loosdrecht, Mark C.M., Ekama, George A., Brdjanovic, Damir, مصطفي موسى ; نضال محمود,
Source: Directory of Open Access Books
Publisher: IWA Publishing
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"Over the past twenty years, the knowledge and understanding of wastewater treatment have advanced extensively and moved away from empirically-based approaches to a first principles approach embracing chemistry, microbiology, physical and bioprocess engineering, and mathematics. Many of these advances have matured to the degree that they have been codified into mathematical models for simulation with computers. For a new generation of young scientists and engineers entering the wastewater treatment profession, the quantity, complexity and diversity of these new developments can be overwhelming, particularly in developing countries where access is not readily available to advanced level tertiary education courses in wastewater treatment. Biological Wastewater Treatment addresses this deficiency. It assembles and integrates the postgraduate course material of a dozen or so professors from research groups around the world that have made significant contributions to the advances in wastewater treatment. The book forms part of an internet-based curriculum in biological wastewater treatment which also includes o summarized lecture handouts of the topics covered in book o filmed lectures by the author professors o tutorial exercises for students self-learning Upon completion of this curriculum the modern approach of modelling and simulation to wastewater treatment plant design and operation, be it activated sludge, biological nitrogen and phosphorus removal, secondary settling tanks or biofilm systems, can be embraced with deeper insight, advanced knowledge and greater confidence."||"This is the Arabic translation of Biological Wastewater Treatment: Principles, Modelling and Design. ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣدى اﻟﻌﺷرون ﻋﺎﻣًﺎ اﻟﻣﺎﺿﯾﺔ، ﺣﻘﻘت ﻛل ﻣن ﻣﻌرﻓﺔ وﺗﻔﮭم ﻋﻣﻠﯾﺎت ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺟﺔ ﻣﯾﺎه اﻟﺻرف اﻟﺻﺣﻰ ﺗﻘدﻣًﺎ ﻣﻛﺛﻔﺎً ، ﻣﻊ اﻟﺗﺣرك ﺑﻌﯾدًا ﻋن اﻟﻣﻧﺎھﺞ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﻣﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺗﺟرﯾب إﻟﻰ ﻣﻧﮭﺞ ﻗﺎﺋم ﻣﺑدﺋﯾﺎً ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻣﺑﺎدئ اﻷﺳﺎﺳﯾﺔ اﻟﺗﻲ ﺗﺿم ﻋﻠوم اﻟﻛﯾﻣﯾﺎء واﻟﺑﯾوﻟوﺟﯾﺎ واﻟﻔﯾزﯾﺎء وھﻧدﺳﺔ اﻟﻌﻣﻠﯾﺎت اﻟﺣﯾوﯾﺔ واﻟرﯾﺎﺿﯾﺔ. واﻟﻌدﯾد ﻣن ھذه اﻟﺗطورات ﻧﺿﺟت إﻟﻰ درﺟﺔ أﻧﮭﺎ أﺻﺑﺣت ﻣﻘﻧﻧﺔ ﺿﻣن اﻟﻧﻣﺎذج اﻟﺣﺳﺎﺑﯾﺔ اﻟﻣﺳﺗﺧدﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻧﻣذﺟﺔ ﺑﺎﺳﺗﺧدام اﻟﺣﺎﺳب اﻵﻟﻰ. وﺑﺎﻟﻧﺳﺑﺔ ﻟﻠﺟﯾل اﻟﺟدﯾد ﻣن ﺷﺑﺎب اﻟﻌﻠﻣﯾﯾن واﻟﻣﮭﻧدﺳﯾن اﻟذﯾن ﯾطرﻗون ﻣﮭﻧﺔ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺟﺔ ﻣﯾﺎه اﻟﺻرف اﻟﺻﺣﻲ، ﯾﻣﻛن أن ﯾﻛون ھذا اﻟﻛم واﻟﺗﺷﺎﺑك واﻟﺗﻧوع ﻓﻲ ھذه اﻟﺗطورات اﻟﺟدﯾدة ﻣرﺑﻛًﺎ أو ﻣﺑﮭرًا، ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟدول اﻟﻧﺎﻣﯾﺔ ﺣﯾث أن اﻟوﺻول ﻟﮭذا ﻓﻌﻠﯾﺎً ﻏﯾر ﻣﺗﺎح ﺑﺳﮭوﻟﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺑرﻧﺎﻣﺞ اﻟدراﺳﺔ اﻟﻣﺗﻘدﻣﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺟﺔ ﻣﯾﺎه اﻟﺻرف اﻟﺻﺣﻲ. وھذا اﻟﻛﺗﺎب ﯾﺳﻌﻰ ﻟﻣﻌﺎﻟﺟﺔ ذﻟك اﻟﻧﻘص. ﻓﮭو ﯾﻘدم ﺑﺻورة ﻣﺗﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ اﻟﻣﺎدة اﻟﻌﻠﻣﯾﺔ ﻟﺑرﻧﺎﻣﺞ دراﺳﺎت ﻋﻠﯾﺎ ﻷﻛﺛر ﻣن اﺛﻧﻰ ﻋﺷر أﺳﺗﺎذاً ﺟﺎﻣﻌﯾﺎً ﻣن ﻣﺟﻣوﻋﺎت اﻟﺑﺎﺣﺛﯾن ﺣول اﻟﻌﺎﻟم، ﻣن اﻟذﯾن ﻗدﻣوا إﺳﮭﺎﻣﺎت ﺑﺎرزة ﻓﻲ ﺗطوﯾر أﻋﻣﺎل ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺟﺔ ﻣﯾﺎه اﻟﺻرف اﻟﺻﺣﻲ. وﯾﺷﻛل اﻟﻛﺗﺎب ﺟزء ﻣن ﻣﻧﮭﺞ ﻋن ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺟﺔ ﻣﯾﺎه اﻟﺻرف اﻟﺻﺣﻲ ﻣﺗﺎح ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺷﺑك اﻟﻌﻧﻛﺑوﺗﯾﺔ )اﻹﻧﺗرﻧت(، وﺑﮭذا ﻓﮭو ﯾﻣﻛن أﯾﺿًﺎ أن ﯾﺳﺗﺧدم ﻣﻊ اﻟﻣطﺑوﻋﺎت اﻟﻣﻧﺷورة ﻟﻠﻣﺣﺎﺿرات أو اﻟﻣﺣﺎﺿرات اﻟﻣﺻورة ﻓﻲ أﻓﻼم ﺑواﺳطﺔ اﻷﺳﺎﺗذة واﺿﻌﻰ اﻟﻛﺗﺎب وﺗﻣﺎرﯾن اﻟﺑرﻧﺎﻣﺞ اﻟﺗﻌﻠﯾﻣﻲ اﻟﻣﺗﺎﺣﺔ ﻟﻠﺗﻌﻠﯾم اﻟذاﺗﻲ ﻟﻠدارﺳﯾن. وﺑﺈﺗﻣﺎم ھذا اﻟﻣﻧﮭﺞ اﻟﺗﻌﻠﯾﻣﻲ، ﻓﺈﻧﮫ ﯾﻣﻛن إدﺧﺎل اﻟﻣﮭﺞ اﻟﺣدﯾث ﻟﻠﻧﻣذﺟﺔ واﻟﻣﺣﺎﻛﺎة ﻓﻲ ﺗﺻﻣﯾم ﻣﺣطﺎت ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺟﺔ ﻣﯾﺎه اﻟﺻرف اﻟﺻﺣﻲ وﺗﺷﻐﯾﻠﮭﺎ – ﺳواء ﻛﺎﻧت ﺑﻧظﺎم اﻟﺣﻣﺄة اﻟﻣﻧﺷطﺔ أو ﺑﺎﻹزاﻟﺔ اﻟﺑﯾوﻟوﺟﯾﺔ ﻟﻠﻧﯾﺗروﺟﯾن واﻟﻔوﺳﻔور أو أﺣواض اﻟﺗرﺳﯾب اﻟﺛﺎﻧوي أو اﻷﻏﻠﻔﺔ اﻟﺣﯾوﯾﺔ، ﺿﻣن ﻣﺎ ﯾﺗﺣﻘﻖ ﻣن اﻛﺗﺳﺎب ﻟﻧظرة أﻋﻣﻖ وﻣﻌرﻓﺔ أﻛﺛر ﺗﻘدﻣًﺎ وﺛﻘﺔ أﻛﺑر ﻓﻲ اﻟﻘدرات."